Tips on Timber: Timber Joinery

Wood Joinery is merely the way in which two pieces of timber are joined together, and this also proves strength at the crucial points on construction of Furniture alone with glues used.

We will cover Wood Joinery commonly used in manufacturing solid timber furniture.

Timber Melbourne
Dovetail Joints

Dovetail Joints

Dovetail joints have been used for centuries for building drawers, Chest, Boxes and other wooden projects. This method of joinery is exceptionally strong.

Mortise & Tenon

This type of joint is made up of two parts, the mortise (female) and the tenon (male).

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Mortise & Tenon

The tenon on the end of one piece of timber is inserted into a cut out hole, cut into the joining timber. The tenon is cut to fit the mortise hole exactly. This joint may then be glued, pinned or wedged to lock into place.


Australian solid timber furniture
Biscuit Joint

Biscuit Joint

This is where a small biscuit is used to align two pieces of timber. For instance, a butt joint then this glued.

Butt Joint

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Butt Joint


This method of joinery is the most basic method of joinery, but accuracy is still required. A butt join is where one piece of timber is butted against another and glued. In some situations it may also be screwed or nailed.


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Tongue & Groove

Tongue and Groove

This is where a groove is cut all along the edge and a thin deep ridge (The tongue) on the adjoining piece of timber.

Finger Joint

Solid Timber Specialists
Finger Joint


This is created by cutting a set of complimentary rectangular cuts in two pieces of timber which are then glued together (e.g. to visualise this, simply interlock the fingers of your hands together).


Timber Furniture in Melbourne
Mitre Joint

Mitre Joint

Similar to the butt joint, but bother pieces have been cut on a 45 degree angle.

Grove Joint

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Grove Joint


This is where a slot is cut with the grain in which this enables a piece of timber to slide into this.


Mark Mortelliti

Tips on Timber Furniture: Choosing the right timber

Choosing the right timber for your furniture can be a hard and perplexing process. With so many different species to choose from, it can sometimes be difficult to decide on the right look and to suit your interior inside your home.

Timber varies in grain, colour and density. Australian hardwoods vary in so many different ways. From the extremely dense Red gum with its distinct red colour and beautiful grain patterns to Victorian Ash featuring its more linear grain and the choice to have it stained to any colour, we are often spoilt for choice.

To chose the right timber there a few factors that you must consider. Have a look around at your home, and think about what would best suit your home and lifestyle. One of the 1st things that we all think of first would be the floor colour. Timbers with a light colour or shading are often best suited to a darker coloured floor and timbers darker in colour can often look the best on a lighter coloured floor. This can create a nice contrast between the two and make your furniture a stand out centrepiece. This is where timbers that can be stained to different colours are often the best choice.

Timbers such as Blackwood vary from very dark grain all the way to blonde. Such a beautiful timber but remember that this particular timber is not very dense and this may be a problem if you plan to use it every day or you have young children as the timber may dint and scratch quite easily. When making a decision, consider the look but also the functionality.

Another factor to take into consideration would be grain patterns. Timbers like Messmate and Marri have a lot of character such as gum veins, and this can often reflect a more Rustic look. These sorts of timbers are best used to complement a more traditional style but with so many different styles available, you can change the overall appearance of the furniture by creating a modern look with minimal overhangs and flush drawer fronts.

Ask most Australians and they would know all about Red gum. With its rich red colour and stunning grain patterns such as fiddle back, it is always a favourite. This timber is also very hard so it is suitable for all homes as it can take almost anything we throw at it. Just remember to think wisely where you would like it to go in your home because once it placed into position, you will have a hard time picking up and moving due to its weight.

Jarrah is also a desired choice with its dark rich red colour and consistent grain. It is also a very dense timber so easily dinting and scratching will not be a problem. Although most people love Jarrah, it is not always a suitable choice because it needs the right surroundings to enhance it’s natural magnificence but in the right surroundings, this timber will look extraordinary.

One of the most common timbers used in furniture today is Victorian Ash. It has a neat even grain and is naturally a very light coloured timber. Been such a light timber, it can be stained or coloured to almost any colour you desire. Quite often people will choose this timber because they have the ability to match any existing furniture they currently have in their home. This will even apply if they have different timbers. By supplying a colour sample from a piece of furniture such as drawer, professional strainers can quite easily match the colour.

For some, making the right choice can be a long and overwhelming process. There are hundreds of different timbers currently used in furniture today so it pays to do your research and also ask as many questions to the right people to make sure you have made the decision.

Mark Mortelliti

Wooden Toys

Wooden ToysWooden toys have been a part of children’s enjoyment and development for many decades and centuries.

Wooden toys in today’s modern world of electronics still play a important part of childhood development and enjoyment, Just as they did when you were a child playing with wooden blocks building that tall building or those wooden trucks and cars, dolls houses and of course educational apparatus made from timber such as an abacus or Cuisenaire blocks used in primary school to help teach numeracy to children.

Over time wooden toy makers became more imaginative and elaborative with their wooden toys such as beautiful doll houses and its contents, wooden trucks and cars with working parts and of course wooden trains and carriages all elaborately painted on wooden tracks including stations and out buildings

Wooden toys are still made and played with today by children all over the world not to mention adults who play games such as chess made from various timber and those intricate wooden puzzle’s that will test most people’s patients.
Wooden toys are simply a plaything that encourages the use of children’s imaginations as well as in developing fine motor skills.
Finally wooden toys are extremely durable and can last for generations and have stood the test of time.

For your pleasure I have included some images of fun and educational toys, plus plans to make a set of stacking rings

: plans taken from

Written and compiled by
Robert Santimaria
Lifestyle Furniture

Timber Furniture custom made in Australia

Australian hardwood timbers are amongst the finest in the world, we are spoilt for choice. Stunning Redgum and Jarrah with natural red colors ranging from red wine tones to central Australian earthy red colours. Blackwood with its natural chocolate browns through to salmon pink tones.
Messmate with fantastic whirls of grain and Victorian Ash or Tasmanian oak with its consistent lineal grain patters which can be clear finished or stained to suit your personal taste.

When shopping for Timber furniture, you will already have your unique personal taste. For some, timber furniture is an emotional purchase and your senses will draw you to designs and styles which suit. Look for a reputable, specialist retailer that really knows and loves timbers. The salesperson should be able to answer all your questions about the timbers used, where the timber is sourced from, give you advice on the best timbers to use and explain the joinery and construction methods.
You should ensure you get a minimum guarantee of 5 or more years on your furniture.

The use of timber Veneers in furniture making is becoming more common. You should ask your retailer about veneers and where they are used. Natural Timber Veneers are beautiful and very efficient and economical usage of timber in furniture. High quality timber veneers are available in redgum, Blackwood, Jarrah, Victorian Ash and Tasmanian oak. In a world starting to focus more on resources, a veneer allows timber usage to go further. Timber veneers do not move & do not expand and contract like a natural timber and therefore enhance structural integrity, stability and product longevity.

Natural timber furniture is always unique; no two trees are the same which makes your furniture special and beautiful.
Quality timber furniture will last you many many years, and provide many years of enjoyment. Clear finished natural timbers will continue to mature in colour over time showing off its natural beauty.

When caring for your timber furniture avoid spray polishes which are high in silicone, look for wax based products and natural oil based products which are more gentle on your furniture’s finish. Polish and Wax should only need to be used around 4 times are year to maintain your furniture. In between keeping the surface dirt and dust free with a damp cloth is enough to keep you furniture looking great day to day.

Timber furniture actually stores carbon, the tree has taken CO2 from the atmosphere and locked it into the wood. It is only when the wood is burnt or decays that the carbon is released again. When you buy timber furniture make sure its source is from a renewable plantation and that the furniture will last many generations.

Custom Timber Furniture – Lifestyle Furniture

Lifestyle Furniture offers a huge range of LOWLINE Solid Timber
TV and Audio Entertainment Units. Made-to-order so you can size-to-fit.
Wide, narrow, long, short, low, medium, high, corner, more shelves,
more openings, cable cut-outs, doors, no doors, whatever you desire.
We’ll create a furniture masterpiece that showcases your home space.

Australian timbers used in furniture

There are many species of Australian timbers available that are ideal in the manufacturing of timber furniture. Each boasts unique characteristics and whatever your choice it will never be the wrong one. It’s just a matter of taste.

Jarrah (Eucalyptus Marginata)

Jarrah features a signature smooth grain with rich deep red to red-brown tone natural
timber colouration, which is found only in this Australian Hardwood Timber, often referred to as the magnificent Australian natural resource.

Furniture made from Australian Jarrah Hardwood Timber is always of exceptional character and when placed in the hands of an Australian craftsman furniture maker the results are spectacular, timeless heirlooms of the future.

Australian Jarrah Hardwood is grown in the far south west corner of Western Australia and is limited in supply, making it one of the more expensive of Australian Hardwoods.

Australian Jarrah Hardwood Timber Density is 820kg per cubic meter, placing it amongst the highest, hardest, and most durable of all Australian Hardwood Timbers.

Redgum (Eucalyptus Camaldulensis)

Red Gum Hardwood Timber features deep, lustrous red wine hues with inter-twined grains that are characteristic of this world famous hardwood timber.
Australian Red Gum Hardwood Timber is amongst the strongest & most beautiful hardwoods in the world, a highly sought hardwood for Australian and International Furniture Manufacturers, very popular hardwood timber choice with our customers whatever age group, decor or usage requirements. It’s beautiful appearance commands attention, no need for colour stains on this one, its best left natural with a clear
finish, hand rub or natural oiling.

Australian Red Gum Hardwood Timber is very hard wearing, great for the active family with children, teenagers and lots of entertaining. The Australian Red Gum Tree is naturally resistant to termites and was used extensively by Early European Settlers. It is common to find trees well over 100 years old growing along the waterways of Victoria, primarily the Ovens, Goulburn and Murray rivers.

Australian Red Gum Hardwood Timber density is 900kg per cubic meter, making it the perfect Australian Hardwood Furniture Timber choice.

Victorian Ash (Eucalyptus Regnans)

Victorian Ash Hardwood Timber is characterised by its consistently straight grain and little or no gum veins. The natural colouring of this Australian Hardwood ranges
from pale pinks to red browns and pale straw.

Victorian Ash is also known as Mountain Ash, Alpine Ash and Tasmanian Oak. Victorian Ash Hardwood is the world’s tallest flowering plant, and right on our doorstep in abundance which makes it a popular choice for local furniture manufacturers and customers.

Victorian Ash Hardwood is grown throughout the mountain regions of Victoria, Tasmania and southern New South Wales, with an average wood density of 750kg per cubic meter, it’s a perfect timber for furniture manufacturing requirements, always resulting in a beautiful finished piece of quality furniture.

Messmate (Eucalyptus Obliqua)

Messmate Hardwood Timber has gum veins and natural characteristics not found in other hardwood timbers. The natural colour palette of brown to light-brown hues,
looks great finished in a clear hand rubbed bees wax, especially the Re-claimed Messmate Hardwood, allowing the up to 80 years of weathered ageing process, inherent timber character present itself in all it’s natural glory.

Unbelievable character and charm captured for life. New milled Messmate Hardwood Timber Furniture is often stained a darker colour to suit specific decor and architectural preferences. The variety of grain & texture make it ideal for families with active children & teenagers as the finished timber surface is more forgiving of bumps & scratches. The Australian Messmate Tree is grown widely across the south-east end of Australia, from South Australia, Southern Victoria, Tasmania & Eastern New South Wales. It’s most likely to grow in rain forests in coastal regions.

Australian Messmate Hardwood Timber Density is 830kg per cubic meter.

Blackwood (Acacia Melanoxylon)

Blackwood Hardwood Timber features a diverse, distinctive colour palette, ranging from reds and browns, orange and salmon pink, through to deep chocolate.
The Blackwood Tree is grown environmentally sustainably throughout Tasmania’s native forests and swamp areas. Australian Blackwood Hardwood Timber is highly regarded in the industry by specialist cabinet and furniture makers.
Staining is an option but Blackwood Hardwood Timber looks best finished in a clear oil, lacquer or varnish. Australian Blackwood Hardwood Timber has been used for furniture making in Tasmania & Main Land Australia since the 19th Century and continues to be a favourite choice amongst our customers.

Australian Blackwood Timber Density is 640 kg per cubic meter.

Marri (Corymbia Calophylla)

Marri Hardwood features a beautiful blend of nutmeg to honey colour tones running through a distinct display of gum veins and grain patterns that are unique to this
Australian home grown Hardwood. Its unique signature is the strong deep dark gum lines.

It’s a unique timber in real term rarely used so it stands out as something very different.

Marri Hardwood (Corymbia Calophylla), formerly known as Eucalyptus Calophylla, is native to the far south west region of Western Australia. It often grows amidst the Jarrah and Karri forests.

Marri Hardwood Timber has a durability of 850kg per cubic metre making it a favourite hardwood timber selection for craftsman furniture makers in Australia.


Written by
Nathan Brown
Lifestyle Furniture